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‘Lynch’s Slave Pens’ In Shadow Of Busch Stadium Will Get Historical Marker

Men outside of Lynch’s slave pen, 1850s. One of these men might be Lynch himself, but there are no known photos of him.
File photo / Courtesy Missouri History Museum
This photo from the 1850s shows men outside one of what were known as "Lynch's slave pens" in downtown St. Louis.

Two Democratic lawmakers want to commemorate one of the most sordid chapters in local history at one of downtown St. Louis’ most visited sites — and they say the St. Louis Cardinals are on board for the project.

More than a century before it became an entrance to Ballpark Village, the entertainment complex at Busch Stadium, the corner of Broadway and Clark held one of several sites known as “Lynch’s Slave Pens.” The pens took their name from Bernard Lynch, a notorious trafficker in enslaved people. They held men, women and children on their way to the slave markets in downtown St. Louis.

State Rep. Rasheen Aldridge, a Democrat representing St. Louis, said on Thursday’s St. Louis on the Air that he is now working with the St. Louis Cardinals on a plaque to acknowledge the site’s terrible history. Along with Rep. Trish Gunby, D-Ballwin, Aldridge first publicized the request for a historical marker earlier this month.

Rasheen Aldridge helps organize protesters on Market Street in downtown St. Louis on Wednesday, November 26, 2014.
Camille Phillips/St. Louis Public Radio
State Rep. Rasheen Aldridge (D-St. Louis)

The team did not respond to two requests from St. Louis on the Air seeking comment. But Aldridge said the Cardinals responded quickly to his release and had a productive meeting with him and Gunby last week.

“Sometimes you put out press statements and you get no traction,” he said. “But they reached out to us and scheduled a meeting to talk to see what ways we can come together to make this happen.”

Aldridge said the lawmakers are now talking with historians and hope to get something erected by year’s end.

Historian Angela da Silva is dedicated to preserving and sharing the importance of black history in St. Louis.
File photo / Alex Heuer / St. Louis Public Radio
Historian Angela da Silva

Angela da Silva is the director of the Mary Meachum commemoration, which honors the free Black woman who led enslaved people to freedom in Illinois. An expert in local history, she said the pens at Broadway and Clark were seized by Union troops in 1861 and later used as a jail for Confederates. “As far as I’m concerned, it was justice,” she said.

After the war, though, the pens’ history was largely forgotten. Da Silva explained that the pens’ brick-lined basement was only discovered in 1963 when the site suffered a partial collapse before the construction of Busch Stadium’s second iteration.

“That’s when it came back in mind that this had been the site of Lynch’s slave pens,” da Silva said.

Da Silva said the area near Busch Stadium is rich with history far beyond the pens. She noted that the site once held the largest Chinese community east of San Francisco, called “Hop Alley,” along with many sites significant to African-American history.

“It’s by the inch down there,” she said of downtown. “Not even by the block, but by the inch.”

She said she’d like to see not isolated plaques, each with a different caretaker, but a St. Louis Black History Trail.

“There used to be sites with Black history markers all over downtown,” she said. “Without a coordinated effort to string these together under the watchful eye of someone, they have all been systematically removed.”

St. Louis on the Air” brings you the stories of St. Louis and the people who live, work and create in our region. The show is hosted by Sarah Fenske and produced by Alex Heuer, Emily Woodbury, Evie Hemphill and Lara Hamdan. The audio engineer is Aaron Doerr.

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Sarah Fenske served as host of St. Louis on the Air from July 2019 until June 2022. Before that, she spent twenty years in newspapers, working as a reporter, columnist and editor in Cleveland, Houston, Phoenix, Los Angeles and St. Louis.
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