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Missouri Attorney General files 6 new lawsuits against St. Louis County schools

Eric Schmitt, Missouri Attorney General, speaks to the media on Monday, Nov. 29, 2021, in St. Louis. Schmitt sent a letter to public school districts requiring them to stop enforcing mask mandates and other public health guidelines that were voided by the judgment.
Brian Munoz
St. Louis Public Radio
Missouri Attorney General Eric Schmitt, photographed in November 2021, has sued six St. Louis-area school districts for having rules that allow mask mandates to be reimposed if COVID cases reach a certain threshold.

Missouri Attorney General Eric Schmitt announced Thursday that his office has filed six new lawsuits challenging school masking requirements.

Schmitt’s office hinted during a hearing in Columbia earlier this week that more lawsuits were forthcoming. The lawsuits challenge rules school districts established allowing mask mandates to be reimposed if COVID cases reach a certain threshold.

For example, the Clayton School District has a policy that requires masks for two weeks if a COVID infection rate reaches 1.5% of the school’s total population for three days.

The lawsuits come just weeks ahead of many schools’ dismissals for the year and follow a wave of 47 lawsuits Schmitt embarked on earlier this year — with all but three of the lawsuits getting dismissed.

The districts facing new litigation have all been previously sued by Schmitt and include the Special School District of St. Louis County, Maplewood Richmond Heights, Clayton, Ladue, Webster Groves and Mehlville. The previous lawsuit against Maplewood Richmond Heights is still pending, but with dismissal motions filed by both sides before the judge.

In all but Clayton and Maplewood Richmond Heights, classes will end next week. Clayton students will attend through June 2, Maplewood students through June 3.

“Mask mandates are destined for the ash heap of history,” the lawsuits read.

COVID cases have been rising nationwide as a subvariant spreads rapidly, prompting federal health officials to encourage masks be considered indoors.

Rising cases have prompted some schools to return to temporary masking — which Schmitt argues are unlawful health orders districts do not have the authority to impose.

School districts have previously pointed to a variety of state laws that give them the authority to set rules for their districts.

As Schmitt pursued litigation against districts, he simultaneously worked with legislators in the hopes they would change the state law he’s been citing as a basis for his lawsuits. Schmitt wanted to clarify that the law does pertain to school districts.

The proposed changes never gained traction before the legislative session ended earlier this month.

The attorney general has also faced pushback from GOP lawmakers, who pointed to the lawsuits against schools as justification to cut $500,000 from Schmitt’s office budget that he’d requested. Other Republican legislators accused Schmitt of using the lawsuits to bolster his campaign for U.S. Senate.

Few cases from Schmitt’s previous legal blitz against school mask mandates remain, with rulings pending in districts’ motions to dismiss in University City and Columbia.

The Lee’s Summit School District has filed a counterclaim of its own and is asking a judge to declare the attorney general overstepped the limits of his authority by ordering schools to end masking requirements.

Missouri Independentis part of States Newsroom, a network of news outlets supported by grants and a coalition of donors as a 501c(3) public charity. Missouri Independent maintains editorial independence.

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